Friday, August 20, 2010

Italy - Anti Fascist Beret

Walter Audisio (1909 – 1973) was a Italian partisan and politician. He was responsible for the death of Benito Mussolini.
In school, Audisio rose to the top of his class, and first worked making Borsalino hats during the Great Depression. Next he worked for years as an accountant before entering in 1931 a group of clandestine anti-fascists. The local group was discovered by the OVRA, and in 1934 Audisio was sentenced to five years of solitary confinement on the island of Ponza. Released during World War II, he resumed his activities against the government of Benito Mussolini, and in September 1943 he started to organize the first bands of partisans in Casale Monferrato. During this time he held jobs in the Fascist civil service. Later he joined the Italian Communist Party and commanded Garibaldine formations operating in the Province of Mantova and the Po Valley.
He became the inspector of the Brigate Garibaldi Brigade and, in January 1945, the principal figure of the Italian resistance movement in Milan. He used the Nom de guerre "Comandante Valerio", a name possibly also used by Luigi Longo. As an official of the Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale, he received on April 28, 1945 the order to enter Dongo and enforce the capital punishment that was decreed against Mussolini and others in the fascist hierarchy. The death of Mussolini remains shrouded in mystery today, but Audisio always claimed that he was the one who shot and killed the dictator and his mistress, Claretta Petacci.
After the war, Audisio was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies for Alessandria in 1948 with the Italian Communist Party as part of the Popular Democratic Front. He supported the party until 1963, when he entered to the Italian Senate. In 1968 he left to work for Italian gasoline company Eni. He died five years later in 1973 of a heart attack. His memoirs, titled In nome del popolo italiano, were published two years after his death, in 1975.


  1. If he really killed Mussolini he should be presented to trial and condemned for his action and not elected for the italian senate...
    Everybody has the right to a fair judgement.

  2. Well, Silvio Berlusconi hasn't been brought to trial, so far...