Sunday, October 20, 2019

The Chasseurs à Pied and Alpins from Passy

Passy is a commune in the Upper Savoy department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
During the Great War of 1914-18, many Passerands served in the Chasseurs à Pied and Alpins.
They were particularly numerous in the 11th Btn of Annecy, the 22nd Btn of Albertville and the 51st Btn of Annecy.
The Chasseurs à Pied (“Hunters on Foot”) were created in 1837, 51 years before the sub-regiments of Chasseurs Alpins. These battalions constitute the oldest subdivision of the infantry after the line regiments. After the Franco-Prussian conflict, the number of battalions of foot-hunters was fixed at 30.
The heyday of the Chasseurs à Pied and Alpins goes back to the year 1915, with the fighting for the summit ridge of the Vosges; fights of extreme violence. The Alpine were present there as two blue divisions, the 47th and 66th, which formed the so named "Army of the Vosges".
Impressed by their value, the Germans named them the “Blue Devils".
The beret was adopted in 1891 by the Ministry of War. The Tarte"pie", as all hunters call it, quickly became the emblem of the Chasseurs. The large beret protects from the sun, the rain and snow and, as stipulated in the guidelines: "It must be able to slip on both feet when it is cold quartering."
According to some authors, the" pie "could also be filled with rags and thus protect Chasseurs from falling rocks.
During the First World War, hunters will even abandon the regulatory helmet to wear their emblem, the Tarte, during the fighting.

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