Thursday, April 5, 2012

The Dutch Series #10 - Joris Ivens

Instead of writing myself, I have copied a short biography of Joris Ivens (from There is simply too much interesting material to fit in one (or two, there...) posts.
Roman Karmen, Ernest Hemingway, Joris Ivens. Spain 1936
1898  George Henri Anton Ivens was born 18 November at the Van Berchenstraat in Nijmegen. He was the second son of photographic equipment dealer Cees Ivens and his wife Dora Muskens 
1911 Made a juvenile film about Indians and a farmer`s family, titled De Wigwam, taken at Heideparkseweg and Kwakkenberg in Nijmegen 
1911-`17  Pupil of the municipal Dutch High School at Kronenburgsingel in Nijmegen
1917-`19 Training as officer mounted field artillery 
1919-`21 Studies economy at Higher Commercial College in Rotterdam, becomes student president 
1921-`24  Studies photographic technique in Berlin, apprenticeship in several photographic laboratories, befriends Dutch poet Hendrik Marsman 
1924-`33 Works in the Amsterdam branch of the CAPI-photo shop of his father`s; private filming of Ivens family at Sun- en Moonhouse 
1927  Co-founder of FILM LIGA, begins taking first film experiments 
1928  His short film De Brug (The Brigde) made Joris Ivens the pioneer of Dutch film art and attracts international attention 
1928-`31 Makes form and movement studies such as Rain and the first artistic sound film of Holland: Philips Radio (Industrial Symphony
1932-`34 Makes controversial social films at time of depression such as Nieuwe Gronden (New Earth, about impoldering the Zuiderzee) and Borinage, after which he leaves Holland and goes to Russia 

Borinage, 1933
1936-`45 Settles in the U.S.A. and makes anti-fascist films such as Spanish Earth in Spain together with Ernest Hemingway and the The 400 Million in China;
collaborates in Canada and U.S.A. (a.o. for the USA War Department) in films about the war against Japan and Germany 

1946 Resigns as film-commissioner in Indonesia for the Dutch government, in solidarity with the new-born Indonesian Republic and makes Indonesia Calling, a film pro Indonesian independance. Because of these events the Dutch government declares him `persona non grata` 
1947-`57 Stays in Eastern Europe, forced because his Dutch passport has been confiscated, and makes some trade union films such as Lied der Ströme (Song of the Rivers) in colaboration with a.o. Brecht and Sjostakovic 
1955 Is awarded the World Peace Prize 
1957 Settles in Paris and wins a Golden Palm in Cannes and the Golden Gate Award in San Francisco with La Seine a rencontre Paris
1957-`65 Films in France, China, Italy, Cuba, Mali, and Chile the recovery of land, but also makes lyrical films such as Pour le Mistral and ...A Valparaiso 
1964 First festive reception in Amsterdam in favour of a careful restoration of the split with his fatherland 
1967 Is awarded the International Lenin Prize for Science and Culture in Moscow 
1969 Dutch Minister Klomp assigns the making of a film about Holland to Ivens 
1965-`70 Devotes himself to the liberation of Vietnam and makes several films against the American war of aggression 

Ernest Hemingway (far right) with John Dos Passos (far left), Joris Ivens (back to camera), and Sidney Franklin in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
1971-`77 Large film project about the cultural revolution, shown at the basis of Chinese society How Yu Kong Moved the Mountains. This film is shown in many countries a.o. on Dutch television, and is bought by MoMA (Museum of Modern Art, New York) 
1978 Is awarded an honorary doctorate of the Royal College of Art in London 
1980-`88 Large film project about the history of Florence (not realised) and in China about the wind Une Histoire de Vent 

Ernest Hemingway and Joris Ivens with their ambushed car (Spain,1937) photo John Fernhout
1984 Is made Commander of the "Legion d`Honeur", presented by president Mitterand 
1985 Is awarded the Golden Calf - Dutch Film Prize", presented by minister Brinkman; is made Grand Officer of the Republic of Italy and is presented with the golden medal "For merits for the Beautiful Arts" by the Spanish king Juan Carlos 
1987 Is awarded the Che Guevarra Prize in Cuba 

Joris Ivens and Anneke van der Feer
1988 Is awarded the "Golden Lion" for his complete oeuvre at the Venice Fim Festival; is made honorary citizen of Nijmegen 
1989 Is decorated with a Knighthood in the Order of the Dutch Lion; dies in Paris on June 28

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