Tuesday, April 18, 2023

Jandarmeria Română

The Jandarmeria Română is the national Gendarmerie force of Romania, tasked with high-risk and specialized law enforcement duties. It is one of the two main police forces in Romania (the other being the Romanian Police - a civilian force), both having jurisdiction over the civilian population.

The gendarmerie is subordinated Ministry of Internal Affairs and does not have responsibility for policing the Romanian Armed Forces. This duty lies with the Military Police subordinated to the Romanian Land Forces.

Upon the entry of Romania into the Second World War on 22 June 1941, the Gendarmerie took over its military police duties. It was involved in the deportation of Jews and Roma to Transnistria in 1941 and 1942.

After the war, the Communist regime purged and disbanded (on 23 January 1949) the Gendarmerie, its personnel being redistributed to the newly created Directorate for Security Troops, modelled after the NKVD Internal Troops.

The Romanian Gendarmerie was re-established on 5 July 1990.

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