Friday, March 11, 2016
Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky, 1890 –1976) was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in France. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. He produced major works in a variety of media but considered himself a painter above all.
He was best known for his photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Man Ray is also noted for his work with photograms, which he called "rayographs" in reference to himself.
During his career as an artist, Man Ray allowed few details of his early life or family background to be known to the public. He even refused to acknowledge that he ever had a name other than Man Ray and being the child of Russian Jewish immigrants. Man Ray's brother chose the surname in reaction to the ethnic discrimination and antisemitism.
Man Ray did, however, stay faithful to his Basque beret.