Thursday, March 17, 2016
Marceline Rosenberg was born to Polish Jewish parents who immigrated to France in 1919. At the beginning of the Second World War, the family moved to the Vaucluse. Marceline and her father Szlama Rosenberg got captured by the Gestapo and were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau in convoy 71 of 13 April 1944. Marceline later gets sent to Bergen-Belsen, and finally to Theresienstadt, until the liberation on 10 May 1945 by the Red Army .
The Rosenberg family; young Marceline left with ball
Her father does not return and her experiences in the camps and her life after are hauntingly matter-of-factly described in her book “But you did not come back”, a letter to her father (and one of the best and most moving books I have read).
Marceline joins the French Communist Party in 1955 and in 1963 she met and married the documentary film maker Joris Ivens. She assists him in his work and co-directed some of his films.
Joris Ivens, Ernest Hemingway, Ludwig Renn, 1936, Spain
From 1972 to 1976, during the Cultural Revolution launched by President Mao Zedong , Ivens and Loridan shoot numerous films in China. Criticized by Jiang Qing, Mao's wife, they have to hastily leave China.
Joris Ivens en Marceline Loridan during the filming of Une histoire de vent, 1988
In 2003, she directed a feature film: La Petite Prairie birches, with Anouk Aimée, inspired by her time in the camp (the title is a translation from Polish term Brzezinka, Germanized in Birkenau).